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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 39-45

Pattern of road traffic injuries in patients admitted to Al-jlaa Hospital, Benghazi, Libya

1 Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Azza S.H. Greiw
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Department of Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1415.158045

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The developing countries bear a large share of burden and account for about 85% of the deaths as a result of road traffic accidents. In Libya, accidents cost the country about $160 million in 1978. The factors that affect accident rates and severity are divided into behavioral and structural ones. The present study was carried out to determine the incidence of fatal vehicular accidents and patterns of injuries among road traffic injury victims brought to Al-jlaa Hospital (Benghazi, Libya). A total of 2630 patients with road traffic injuries were registered at Al-jlaa Hospital. The data reported in the present study were collected between January 2009 and December 2009. Data were collected, including medical history, patient symptoms, clinical signs, and the radiological findings. A systematic method was used for the clinical examination of the traumatized region. Data of patients were recorded, including age, sex, time of occurrence, types of road users, frequency and type of injury (frequency of soft tissue injuries and bone fractures), outcomes, ICU admission, duration of survival as well as the period of hospitalization until death. Furthermore, an optimal combination of radiographic imaging was ascertained and computed tomography was found to be the single most informative mode of imaging. The Glasgow Coma Scale was used to assess the severity of brain injury. The Abbreviated Injury Scale scorings were performed according to the guidelines in the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005 edition. A conservative or an operative intervention performed for all the cases was also recorded.

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